Contributed by barbara-dave
Description: Support for Old Scottish Regiment Page 16Date: March 26 1915
Newspaper published in: Washington, D. C.
Washington Times March 26, 1915 Support for Old Scottish Regiment Page 16
GETS HEPBURN'S AID FOR OLD REGIMENT
Wife of Royal Scots' Colonel Writes Banker About Troops Forbearer Commanded.
New York, March 26 - The Royal Scots, the senior regiment of the British army, is fighting in France, where it fought 250 years ago, under command of Col. Richard C. DUNDAS. Its original commander was Sir John HEPBURN, and Mrs. DUNDAS wrote recently to A. Barton HEPBURN, chairman of the Chase National Bank, asking him to help along a fund she was raising to furnish comforts to the men at the front. Mrs. DANIELS [?] surmised that Mr. HEPBURN was probably a descendant of Sir John HEPBURN, which proved to be the case.
Mrs. DUNDAS said in her letter that the Royal Scots when at the front was known as the Eleventh Battalion and was the first battalion raised in Lord KITCHENER's new army. She added:
"That HEPBURN's old regiment should again be serving in France, and in many cases over the same ground across which he led them, while he himself lies within reach of the sound of the guns, in the ancient Cathedral of Toul, is of the deepest interest, and I feel sure you will do what you can to help the Scottish soldiers of HEPBURN's old regiment to be as they were then, strong in victory. All gifts of money may be sent in care of Cox & Co., 16 Charing Cross, London. I hope much that you may be able to interest any other relations of Sir John HEPBURN whom you may know and any others who feel that they would like to help me, and that you will forgive me for troubling you in a matter which I feel sure will be very near your heart as a Scotchman.
Mr. HEPBURN, in sending a check for $100, informed Mrs. DUNDAS that he was in direct line of descent from Sir John HEPBURN and was quite familiar with his ancestor's campaigns in France, adding:
"May the allies win, and that speedily, and may the Royal Scots cover themselves with glory in the present and the future, as they have done in the past."
Army's Senior Regiment.
The Royal Scots, the first regiment of British foot - "Right of the Line and Pride of the Army" - is not only the senior regiment of the British army; it is probably the oldest regiment in the civilized world. The component parts of which it was originally formed had historical traditions of their own, some of which carry the regiment's record of service to very early periods of European history.
As a regiment, in the modern sense of the term, its career began in 1633, when Sir John HEPBURN, a native of Athelstaneford in East Lothian, a veteran of the thirty years' war who had commanded a Scottish brigade under Gustavus ADOLPHUS, was permitted by Charles I to raise a regiment of Scotchmen for the service of Louis XIII of France. Into this regiment were incorporated several groups of Scotchmen already in the French service. Among these groups were certain members of the ancient Scottish Archer Guard of the French Kings, so that the regiment was linked to that famous corps whose traditional origin is traced to the legendary history of the ninth century.
HEPBURN's regiment was subsequently enlarged by the absorption of the remnants of his old Swedish brigade and by a regiment of Scots Guards in the French service, commanded by Andrew RUTHERFORD, afterward Earl of Teviot, son of a merchant burger of Edinburg.
The claim to seniority inherited from the Archer Guard was early asserted by the rigiment [sp.] it demanded precedence on the right of the line of the whole French army. A regiment of Picardy raised in 1662[?], but from earlier bands, ridiculed the Scottish pretensions, and one of its officers in mockery suggested that the regiment must have been the guard of Pontius Pilate. The nickname, given in derision, has been accepted as an honorable recognition of ancientry, and to this day the Royal Scots are often alluded to as Pontius Pilate's Guards. In 1672 Louis XIV gave the regiment a declaration of precedence as one of the oldest in the French service.
In French Service.
HEPBURN's regiment was first employed in overrunning Lorraine and the Palatinate and in the conquest of Alsace, then belonging to Austria. It remained in the French service until 1661, when it was recalled to England by Charles II. At that time it was commanded by its fourth colonel, Lord George DOUGLAS, afterward Earl of Dumbarton, whose memory is preserved in the regimental march still in use, entitled "Dumbarton's Drums." In the following year the corps returned to France, and, although recalled to England in 1666, it was again lent to the French King in 1668, and did not finally settle in Great Britain until 1678. Since then it has served as a regular part of the British army.
The regiment has seen an enormous amount of service. Since the days of the early Stuart Kings it annals register a list of 240 battles and sieges. Time and again it has fought on the very ground over which the armies of Europe are fighting today.
Its predecessors, the Scottish Archers, crusaded with St. Louis, King of France, in the Holy Land and in Egypt about 1350. In the service of Charles VII of France they fought at the victory of Beauge in 1421 and at the disaster of Verneuil in 1424, They were with Joan of Arc at Orleans and at Rheims in 1429, with Louis XI, at Peronne and Liege in 1468; they crosses the Alps and were at the siege of Naples under Charles VIII. In 1495, they fought at Pavia under Francis I, in 1525 and at Ivry under Henri IV, in 1590.
In the Thirty Years' was HEPBURN's Scots Brigade, when under Gustavus ADOLPHUS, fought in Poland and Germany, on the shores of the Baltic and on the Vistula. RUTHERFORD's Guards fought at Rocroy, near Sedan in 1643 under CONDE, when the invincible Spanish infantry was defeated for the first time, in 1618, under the same general, they fought at the great battle of Leus, close to La Basse, where the Spanish army was completely overthrown. HEPBURN's regiment fought at the siege and capture of Nancy in 1634, of Zabern in 1636, and of Luneville, in 1637. It fought at Courtral on the Lys in 1646, and earned much distinction at the capture of Dunkirk in the same year.
Fought At Ypres in 1619.
It defended Ypres against the Spaniards in 1619, and although forced to surrender it marched out with all the honors of war - drums beating and colors flying. It fought at the siege of Maestricht under TURENNE in 1673, and was with him on the Rhine when he was killed in 1674. The first colonel of the regiment, Sir John HEPBURN, was killed in Zabern, in Alsace in 1636. Its second colonel, Sir James HEPBURN, was killed in Lorraine in 1637. Its third colonel, Lord James DOUGLASS, was killed near Arras in 1655. Its fourth colonel, Lord DUMBARTON, who commanded the regiment for thirty-three years, followed his royal master to France at the revolution and died at St. Germain, a Jacobite exile, in 1692.
The Royal Scots as a British regiment, fought the Moors of Tangiers in 1680. It fought with William III at Namur and at Mons, at Steenkirk and at Huy. It fought with Marlborough at Bienheim, and in his principal battles in Flanders. It furnished the forlorn hope at the storming of Lille in 1708, and was cantoned at Nieuport in 1714.
It fought at Fontenoy with CUMBERLAND, with WOLFE in Canada it assisted at the capture of several West India islands. It fought with the Duke of York at Egmont-on-Zee in 1799, with ABERCROMBY in Egypt, with MOORE at Corunna; it fought with WELLINGTON through the Peninsula and at Quatre Bras and Waterloo; it defended Canada in 1813; it fought in India at Nagpore and Asseerghur; it fought in Burma with Sir Archibald CAMPBELL, in the Crimea with Lord RAGLAN, at Peking and the Taku forts with Hope GRANT; it fought throughout the Boer war in South Africa.
When Queen Victoria was born her father, Edward, Duke of Kent, was colonel of the Royal Scots. When the Queen presented colors to the first battalion in 1876 she recalled the early connection and declared herself a daughter of the regiment. Since that time, when any member of the royal family is present at a parade of the Royal Scots. "Dumbarton's Drums" are silent and the battalion goes past to a march from "The Daughter of the Regiment."