The North Carolinian
The North Carolinian
Contributed by klstacy_home

Description: A Sketch of the Life of "Old Mordacai"

Date: October 23 1847

Newspaper published in: Fayetteville, NC


Page/Column: Page 1, Column 5

Living at Dudleyville, Tallapoosa County, Ala.
He settled in Montgomery county in 1786.
--He was the first native born citizen of the United States who lived here and the first cultivator of cotton in the State of Alabama, Sec. &c. &c.
In the outskirts of Dudleyville, in the county of Tallapoosa, at the foot of a hill, are three solitary Indian huts. In one of these mouldering monuments of the red race, I found a man of another age. It was eight o'clock in the morning. He was busily engaged in preparing his homely meal. With a benignant smile he invited me to a seat. He lived entirely alone.--Beside his bed was a coffin, made for him by directions several years ago. Upon this singular household appendage reposed an old Bible, from, the pages of which he was accustomed to derive consolation, and the assurance of eternal life hereafter. Several old trunks, two or three chairs and a table, together with numerous battles suspended by strings around the walls, completed the entire furniture of the cabin. The old man was of low statue, round and compactly built, his limbs and body being admirably knit together. While his head bore the emblems of age as to colour, it was nevertheless covered with a profusion of hair. His forehead was well formed, his mouth large and expressive, his eyes of a deep hazel hue, which ever and anon would sparkle like diamonds, at the mention of old occurrences. Before partaking of his meal, now hastily prepared, he stood beside the table and in the most devout manner, repeated a feeling grace, blessing his maker for the long preservation of his life, and the comforts then spread before him. Supplied by the kind citizens of Dudleyville with the necessaries of life, this man of years and former enterprise, lives upon the lands of an old Indian countryman, whom he has known for the last sixty years. The solitude of the place, the rude and comfortless cabin in which he dwells from choice, the coffin upon the floor, the dress and appearance of the ancient inmate, his piety and resignation to immediate death, all were calculated to impress the visitor with singular emotions.
This venerable personage is familiarly known in that region, as “Old Mordacai." While drawing upon a memory most retentive of early incidents in Alabama, some items of his own life were casually elicited during the discourse. He was born in Pennsylvania the 24th October, 1755. His Father was a Jew and his Mother was of German blood. Although now ninety two years of age, his mind is unimpaired and he walks without difficulty to the village. He has pursued a variety of occupations during a long life, the first was that of a butcher. He served three years in the ranks of the American army during the Revolution, and was present at most of the engagements in Delaware and New Jersey. In 1783 he settled among the Cusseta Indians, at a place called Buzzard Roost on Flint River, in the present State of Georgia: and there became a trader in Indian merchandize. About this time James Seagrove, was appointed Indian Agent, and resided at St. Mary's. Unlike his worthy successor, Col. Hawkins, Seagrove never visited the Nation in Alabama, but transacted his business through agents. Mordacai, being a man of agreeable manners, of adventurous spirit, bold and active, was often selected to bear Talks to the distant Tribes. He was generally accompanied by Timothy Barnard, whose rather had been a Colonel in the British service. The names of Barnard and Mordacai, are frequently to be met with in the American state papers, (Indian affairs,) in reference to these very expeditions. On one occasion, sixty years ago, Mordacai penetrated to the heart of the Chickasaw Nation, on a mission of peace, and passed by the falls of the Black Warrior, where no Indians lived at that time. During this period the Creek Indians were accustomed to commit depredations, upon the settlers in the present State of Kentucky, and bring back to their towns, many unfortunate captives. The Indian Agent at St. Mary's employed Mordacai to visit the Chiefs and arrange for their ransom. His knowledge of the Indian character, connected with a remarkable adroitness, contributed to the success of such applications, and enabled him to relieve from wretchedness and misery, many women and children, who ceased to hope for relief.
We now rapidly approach that part of Mordacai's life, connected with the soil embraced in Montgomery county. In 1789, on a hill precisely where Mrs. Burch's house now stands on the Line Creek, this man established himself as a trader among the Cuwalla Indians, who then lived two miles distant, west of the mouth of Line Creek; some of this tribe also lived in the prairies adjoining, on the other side of his store. His buildings were erected by Spanish deserters, and were built in the Spanish style, of mortar and frame work, but were destroyed in 1812. For 20 years he carried on an extensive trade, dealing in skins and furs, pink root and other medicinal barks. These he conveyed to Augusta and Pensacola on pack horses, and to New Orleans and Mobile, in large canoes, with no companions but the savages who were employed to assist him. Oil one occasion he sold to Gov. Durfort of Orleans, 3O gallons of oil, which the Indian women extracted from the hickory nut, and also cakes made of the same. The latter was esteemed by the Spaniards as a great delicacy, when served up with condiments. The oil was obtained by boiling the broken hickory nuts in pots of water, and skimming the oil as it floated on the top. He acquired a thorough knowledge of the Spanish tongue in the course of his traffic, while the Indian language had almost become his mother tongue. I have intimated that Mordacai was the first native born citizen of the United States, who ever settled in Montgomery county. It is so; but there was however one before him of English birth, who lived hard by. During the Revolutionary war an English; soldier deserted from the British ranks, and fled with his wife to the Creek Nation. He died shortly afterwards at Carets, where Columbus is now. The woman being of a bold and romantic spirit, penetrated still farther among the red people, and finally settled upon a creek well known to us all, and which still bears her name, "Old Milly," and Mordacai lived many years close neighbors in this savage land. She married an Indian and owned several slaves, many horses and cattle.
Mordacai in these times often visited our own town, but then inhabited by a different and perhaps more innocent population. It was located at old Alabama town, and the name was Aconchauta meaning Red ground. Persons acquainted with this spot are aware that the soil is very red. In the times that tried men’s souls," Alabama was in the occupancy of the Royalists. Their agent, a British officer named Tate, lived at the Red ground town and was successful in his exertions in getting the Indians to war upon the Americans. Aconchauta contained, in Mordacai's time, four hundred hunters, and the culture of corn was carried on in the Bend opposite.
In 1804, Mordacai conferred with Col. Hawkins living at Pole Cat Springs, upon the propriety of establishing a Gin, and introducing the culture of cotton. He desired to place it at his Store. Hawkins entered warmly into the project, for that indefatigable and honest Agent was extremely desirous to bring the Indians to a proper system of Agriculture, and to teach them the arts of civilization. But, however, he objected to the location for Mordacai's own good, and advised the erection of the Gin House at Weatherford's race tracts on a beautiful Bluff, just below the junction of the Coosa and Tallapoosa. Here, in Loftin's plantation, within three hundred yards of Dr. Rieves' Gin House, in Montgomery county, the first Gin House, in the State of Alabama, was built at great expense, in the year 1804 by this same Mordacai. Col. Hawkin's was of opinion that it was a proper situation, for the Indian women could bring their cotton down either river in canoes and sell it here. He procured the consent of the Hickory Ground Indians, for its erection. Mordacai commenced operations, and the first year sold his cotton in New Orleans, at thirty three cents per pound.
In 1805, two of Mordacai's horses strolled into the low grounds, opposite Coosawda, and eat some young corn, belonging to the Indians of that town. Towerculla, (otherwise called Capt. Isaacs,) Chief of Coosawda, had never liked the residence of this white man so near him. He now availed himself of this excuse to drive him off. Selecting fifteen of his warriors, each with many long hickory poles, he surrounded the house of the innovator. Mordacai offered to pay any price for the trespass of his horses, but Towerculla thirsted for his blood. He presently struck him a blow. Mordacai being a man of prodigious strength, clasped him around the waist and sought to throw him over the bluff. But the other Indians soon felled him to the earth. They now, man to man, threshed him with their merciless poles' until he became insensible to feeling, and as they supposed was dead. Cutting off his left ear, they left him to the care of his Indian wife, by whose hands he was nursed, a miserable sufferer, for several months. I have lately seen his close cropt ear and the immense knots raised upon his body, and it is wonderful that he recovered. Some time after this, the Indians burned up his Gin House with all his cotton, and destroyed a fine Boat, for which he paid $400 in New Orleans. He was now a ruined man, wandering, about the Nation until the war of 1813 commenced, when he fled to Georgia, joined Gen. Floyd, and was in the engagements of Autossee and Caleeba.v In 1814, when Gen. Jackson assigned the Indians their future limits, Mordacai returned with his Indian family to the Creek Nation, where he has lived ever since, refusing to emigrate with his children to Arkansas in 1836.
These lines have been penned, supposing that the people of Montgomery county would like to know who first lived in their county, after the Spanish and French dominion had terminated, and who was the first to grow cotton in Alabama, and gin it. That man was Charley Mordacai, now breathing out a few more days of his existence, in a lonely hut in Dudleyville.
Robinson, October, 4th, 1847.


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