Contributed by Gigimo
Description: The Beginning of Things in Missouri.Date: November 3 1907
Newspaper published in: Kansas City, MO
The first white men (under DeSoto) set foot on the soil of Missouri in 1541.
The first people to take possession of Missouri were a company of Frenchmen under Robert Cavelier de la SALLE, 1662.
The first settlement made in Missouri by white men was at Ste. Genevieve in 1735.
The first settlement north of the Missouri river was made in what is now St. Charles county in 1769.
The first governor of the Territory of Louisiana was General James WILKERSON, appointed July 4, 1805.
The first governor of the Territory of Missouri was Captain William CLARK.
The first general assembly of the Territory of Missouri met December 7, 1812, at St. Louis in the house of Joseph ROBIDOUX.
The first five counties of the Territory of Missouri were St. Louis, St. Charles, Ste. Genevieve, Cape Girardeau, and New Madrid.
The first constitutional convention of Missouri met in St. Louis June 12, 1820.
The first birthday of Missouri was August 10, 1821.
The first governor of Missouri was Alexander MCNAIR.
The first senators from Missouri were David BARTON and Thomas H. BENTON.
The first member to Congress was John SCOTT.
The first newspaper west of the Mississippi river was the Missouri Gazette, established at St. Louis in 1808.
The first house of worship (Catholic) was erected in 1775 at St. Louis.
The first board of trustees for public schools was appointed in 1817 at St. Louis.
The first college (St. Louis college) was built in 1817.
The first courthouse was erected in 1823, St. Louis.
The first telegraph lines reached St. Louis, December 20, 1847.
The first salt manufactured west of St. Louis was by Nathan and Daniel M. BOONE in 1807 at Boone's Lick in Howard county.
The first cloth manufactured west of St. Louis was made in 181_ by the settlers of Howard county from nettles.
The first grist and saw mill combined was erected at Old Franklin in 1810.
The first claim on public lands was located in 1804 in what is now Howard county.
The first Piano in Missouri was brought to St. Charles in 1821 by a Dr. YOUNG.
The first grist mill west of the Mississippi was built at Ste. Genevieve by Jean Baptiste ST. GEM, Jr., 1791.
The first bank in Missouri territory was established in St. Louis in 1812.
The first steamboat to ascend the Mississippi above the mouth of the Ohio was the General Pike, which landed at St. Louis in 1817.
The first English school west of the Mississippi was established in Cape Girardeau county in 1799.
The first American to settle within the present limits of Missouri was Daniel BOONE.
The first settlement in Central Missouri was Cote Sans Dessein, now Barkersville, Callaway county.
The first stone dwelling house in Missouri was built in St. Charles county about 1820.
The first expedition up the Missouri river was made in 1705 by a party of French explorers.
The first iron furnace in the state was built near Ironton in 1815.
The first zinc smelter was built at Potosi in 1867.
The first Protestant church in Missouri (Baptist) was established near Jackson, Cape Girardeau county, in 1806.
The first settlement of Mormons in Missouri was in 1831 in Jackson county.
The first duel in Missouri was fought on an island near Ste. Genevieve between Rice JONES and Shadrach BOND in 1801.
The first veto by any governor of Missouri was by Governor BATES vetoing an act forbidding dueling and providing a whipping post as a penalty.
The first liquor legislation in Missouri was an act of March 19, 1805, which fixed the license for keeping a tavern at $25.
The first lunatic asylum in Missouri was established at Fulton in 1847.
The first tobacco factory started in Missouri was at St. Louis in 1817.
The first Masonic lodge in Missouri was chartered July 17, 1807, at Ste. Genevieve.
The first purely political paper in Missouri was The Mill Boy, published at St. Louis in the interests of Henry CLAY in 1844-45.
The first daily paper was issued in St. Louis in 1834.
The first official geological report of Missouri was made by Dr. Henry KING in 1839.
The first plague of grasshoppers in Missouri was in 1875.
The first flat boat on the Missouri river was built in Howard county by Joseph COOPER in 1818.
The first cog mill run by horse power was built at Fort Kincaid, Howard county, in 1815.
The first land office, west of St. Louis, was located at Old Franklin in 1818, and the first land sales made there.
The first school for the instruction of Indians in Missouri was founded at Florissant, St. Louis county.
The first treaty with the Indians in Missouri was made with the Osages in 1808 by Pierre CHOTEAU, by which the Indians gave up all rights to certain lands in West Missouri.
The first battle between the Indians and white settlers was in New Madrid county in 1804.
The first insurance agency in Missouri was opened in St. Louis in 1824.
The first shot tower in the Mississippi valley was erected at Herculaneum, thirty nine miles below St. Louis, and the manufacture of leads and shot commenced in 1808.
The first theater in Missouri was opened in St. Louis in 1814.
The first Confederate flag floated in Missouri was from the home of James HAINES at Sarcoxie.
The first national political convention held west of the Mississippi was the national Democratic convention held in St. Louis in 1876.
The first criminal indictment in the Territory of Louisiana, after it came under the authority of the United States, was returned by the first grand jury at St. Charles.
The first legal currency of Missouri Territory was fur and tobacco.
The first public road in the state was built between Ste. Genevieve and New Madrid, in 1789, and was known as the king's road.
The fist legally authorized road was ordered built by legislative act of June 20, 1808, between St. Louis, Ste. Genevieve and New Madrid.
The first state road in North Missouri was the "Boone's Lick road" from St. Charles to Boone's Lick in Howard county.
The first plank road was built in 1852 from Ste. Genevieve to Iron Mountain.
The first mail route in Missouri was established between St. Louis and St. Charles in 1819.
The first post roads were established by congress between the different county seats in 1821.
The first United States road was opening between Council Bluffs and Chariton by General ATKINSON in 1820.
The first street car was run in St. Louis July 4, 1854.
The first "Sunday law" was passed January 4, 1814.
The first pony express west of the Mississippi was established between St. Joseph and San Francisco, April 3, 1860.
The first rural free mail delivery in Missouri was established in 1896.
The first census was taken in 1700 under the Spanish governor, Delassus.
The first United States census was taken in 1810.
The first public library in Missouri was founded in St. Louis in 1823.
The first railroad in Missouri was a track five miles in length, laid from _________ to a point on the Missouri river opposite Lexington, some time between 1840 and 1851. It was made of timber, the rails being of sawed oak and the ties of hewed oak, and was operated by horse power.
The first iron railroad was the Pac_____ railroad commenced at St. Louis July 4, 1850.
The first locomotive west of the Mississippi was put upon the Pacific track at St. Louis in 1852.
The first plant in the United States for refining nickel and cobalt ores was built at Mine la Motte in 1904.
The first Veiled Prophet's pageant was held in 1878.
The first meeting of the Missouri Press association was held in St. Louis, May 17, 1861.
The first battle of the Civil war on Missouri soil was fought at Boonville, June 17, 1861
The first school founded by legislative act was Ste. Genevieve academy, chartered June 21, 1808.
The first step toward a public school system was the petition to congress, September 29, 1805, for funds and lands to establish a French and English school in each county and a seminary (or university) of learning.
The first general law relating to public schools was passed January 17, 1825.
The first apportionment from the general revenue fund for public education was made in 1854.
The first superintendent of public schools was provided for by legislative act in 1839.
The first movement for an endowment of "a common school fund" was made by the act of the legislature approved February 6, 1836.
The first tax upon property for the support of public schools was levied in 1835.
The first German colony was established between 1812 and 1820.
The first vineyards were planted in 1841.
The first wine was manufactured in 1848.
The first oilcloth factory was build in 1841.
The first cotton factory in 1839.
The first assessment of property for taxation was in 1811.
The first coins were Spanish silver dollars cut into "bits."
The first great flood of the Missouri river was in 1844.
Gas was first used in 1847.
Coal was first used for fuel in 1822.
The first marble quarry was opened in 1830.
The first bricks were made in 1837.
The first real estate office was opened in 1840.
The first shoe factory was built in 1810.
The first type foundry was commenced in 1838.
The first copper and tin was manufactured in 1816.
The first Missouri author was Henry S. GEYER, who published his "Compilation of the Statutes of Missouri" in 1817.
The first celebration of Washington's birthday took place in 1817.
The first balloon ascension was in 1859.
The first prize fight was in 1850.
The first railroad riot was in 1877.
The first lottery in Missouri was authorized by the legislature in 1817 to create a fund for building an academy at Potosi.
The first fortune teller came to Missouri in 1814.
The first meeting of the legislature in Jefferson City was November 20, 1826.
The first revision session of the legislature was in 1824-25.
Political parties began to take shape in Missouri in 1828.
The first railroad wreck in Missouri occurred November 1, 1855, on the Missouri Pacific at the Gasconade river.
The first mortgage was recorded at St. Louis in 1766.
The first hotel built in Missouri was the old Missouri hotel at St. Louis commenced in 1817.
The first murder trial was held in St. Louis in 1808.
The first barracks in Missouri were established at Bellefontaine.
The first carpet was brought into Missouri in 1816.
The first billiard room was opened in St. Louis in 1767.
The first United States ironclad gunboat was launched at Carondelet, October 12, 1861.
The first dancing school was opened in St. Louis in 1809.
The first free soil paper was the Barnburner, established in St. Louis in 1849.
The first printer's apprentice was Nathaniel PASCHALL, who entered the office of the Missouri Gazette in 1814.
The first printing office destroyed by a mob was that of the Rev. E. P. LOVEJOY, an abolitionist, who published the St. Louis Observer.
The first newspaper suppressed by the federal authorities was the Hannibal Democrat, in 1861.
The first Spanish newspaper was the El Commercio del Valle, published in 1876.
The first paper edited and published exclusively by women was the Inland Monthly, established in St. Louis in 1872.