The Huntsville Daily Times
The Huntsville Daily Times
Contributed by klstacy_home

Description: Nitrate Plant Ready Soon;
Committee Prying Into Accounts;
Senate Confirms Geddle;
Dismissal Asked for Hartman;
Oil Contracts Are Defended;
Doheny Wept When Son Mentioned;
Parrot Fever at Capital;
Brokers Are Called For

Date: March 18 1930

Newspaper published in: Huntsville, AL

Source: Library

Page/Column: Pg 1, Cols 5&8; Pg 2, Cols 5&6; Pg 9, Cols 4&5

================ Page 1, Column 5 =================
Ordnance Expert Appears With Cheering News
Maj. Miles Says High Explosive or Fertilizer Could Be Made Now
WASHINGTON, March 18 (AP) – Nitrate Plant No. 2 at Muscle Shoals should be put in operation in 60 days at an estimated cost of $100,000, Anthony Poyet of the army ordinance corps and for 9 years in charge of the development, testified today before the house military affairs committee.
Plant One, he said, could be revamped for operations at a cost of $355,000.
“I wish you’d put those tow statements into a form every man on the floor of the house can understand,” said Representative Quin, Democrat, Mississippi. “There have been a lot of ties told about this thing.”
The military affairs committee has been considering a proposition to lease the entire Muscle Shoals development to air nitrates company guaranteed by American Cyanamid company on a financial set up involving an additional $60,000,000 government investment to be amortized in 100 years.
But today it turned to present conditions at Muscle Shoals, with several members asking questions with regard to feasibility of actual government operation of the plant as it stands. Captain H. D. W. Riley, in charge of Dam 2, also appeared to answer questions.
Representative Speaks, Republican, Ohio, broke off questioning Poyet to urge government operation of the plant.
“It has come to a point where the question is whether the government is more powerful than the groups who say we shan’t operate that plant,” said Speaks.
Poyet reported plants and buildings in first class condition, machinery oiled and ready to run. If a war broke out, he said, an army of a million and a half men, firing at world war rates, could be supplied with explosives from Muscle Shoals.
The limestone quarry at Waco, Ala., which was never operated, is ready to function at any time, Poyet told committee members.
Representative Douglass, democrat, Arizona, questioned Poyet closely on power and electro-chemical possibilities of the present plant. Plant No. 1, Poyet said, could produce 50,000 tons of fixed nitrogen a year by the Cyanamid process. The carbon scrubbing unit of plant one would have to be reconstructed, he said.
The Ordnance Department, he estimated, could operate Mussel Shoals with 1500 men. At a manufacturing cost of $10,000,000 the first year, for the manufacture of munitions.
Major Francis H. Miles commanding the nitrates division of the office of the chief Ordnance Department was next called to the stand to testify on technical phases of plant operation. He testified, “we could operate those two plants right now and make either high explosives or fertilizer.”
Reminding committee members that W. B. Bell, president of the American Cyanamid company had testified that construction of Cove Creek Dam was essential to create sufficient power for fertilizer development on a large scale, Representative Douglas asked Major Miles, “Why is American Cyanamid willing to spend $25,000,000 to construct Cove Creek Dam?”
Major Miles hesitated.
“Come now. If we can get an honest opinion from an Army officer, let’s have it,” said Representative Wainwright, republican, New York.
Major Miles asked permission to get definite figures from the Ordnance Department files and the committee set tomorrow for further questioning on whether or not sufficient power now exists at Mussel Shoals to manufacture fertilizer in sufficient quantities for the American farmer. Captain Riley was also asked to return tomorrow to answer questions on the power plant at Dam 2.

================ Page 1, Column 8 =================
Claudius Huston’s Brokers Called to Washington
Republican Chief Complains Com. Is Trying To Blacken Character
WASHINGTON, March 17 (AP) – After a heated exchange with Chairman Huston of the Republican national committee and a few among its members, the senate lobby committee today issued a subpoena to obtain from the New York brokerage firm of Blythe and Bonner records of a $36,100 deposit made last year by Huston.
Huston, a former president of the Tennessee River Improvement Association, objected strenuously to the committee action and characterized it as unwarranted interference with his personal affairs. He also asserted that his “character had been attacked.”
They firs proposed to obtain a record of all of Huston’s accounts with the New York firm but when Senator Robinson, republican of Indiana, protested and threatened to carry the fight to the senate, the subpoena was limited to the records of the $36,100 contribution from the Union Carbide Company.
The discussion rage in the committee room for several minutes and was one of the stormiest scenes that has taken place since the lobby committee started its sessions several months ago.
The subpoena directed that Charles A. Kirckel of the firm of Blythe and Bonner produce the records before the committee tomorrow
Huston was called by the committee for questioning about his activities in connection with Muscle Shoals legislation while president of the improvement association.
He said he collected $36,100 from the Union Carbide Company, which was to get a part of the Shoals power if the bid of the American Cyanamid Company were accepted. Huston’s former association advocated acceptance of the Cyanamid Company’s offer.
On the stand last week the republican chairman testified he had kept the $36,100 in his personal accounts and a committee investigator was sent to New York to get the records. He reported today that he was unable to get them and Senator Walsh, democrat, Montana, proposed the subpoena.
After conferring with his colleagues, Walsh said the subpoena would be limited to the amounts paid by the Union Carbide Company.
“I have no objection to that,” Robinson said. “I think that is fair.”
While the proposal to produce all Huston’s accounts was being considered, Robinson said it would be “just as fair” to subpoena the accounts of John J. Raskob, chairman of the democratic national committee.
Huston said there was not the “slightest objection” to giving the Union Carbide records but he added he would protest going into all his accounts.
The subpoena then was issued in modified form.
The controversy having subsided, Senator Blaine, republican, Wisconsin, asked Huston if he knew of any “lobbying” engaged in by Raskob.
Huston replied that he knew Raskob was a member of an organization advocating repeal of the prohibition amendment.
A protest against issuing the subpoena was voiced by Huston, who asserted heatedly that he had been “dealt with in a very unwarranted manner by the committee.”
“My character has been attacked in a totally unwarranted way,” he charged.
Huston asserted the account contained a large number of personal transactions and he added that he did not believe the lobby committee had any right to inquire into them.
“The committee would be derelict in its duty if it did not examine those accounts,” Walsh reported.
Defending Huston’s position, Senator Robinson, republican, Indiana, said he did not believe the committee had any more right to inquire into Huston’s private accounts than it would have to “inquire into Raskob’s private affairs.”
John J. Raskob is chairman of the Democratic National Committee.
Huston was then excused indefinitely but the committee informed him he might be wanted for further questioning later.
W. B. Bell, President of the American Cyanamid Company, who also was expected to testify today, was excused until next Tuesday.

================ Page 2, Column 5 =================
WASHINGTON, March 18 (UP) – The senate confirmed the nomination of Edgar Geddle for United States Marshall of the eastern district of North Carolina.
WASHINGTON, March 18 (UP) – The immediate dismissal by the United Press of the United States district attorney John D. Hartman and collector of customs Roy A. Campbell of Texas was asked today in a senate speech by Senator McKellar, of Tennessee.

================ Page 2, Column 6 =================
Doheny Continues Testimony With Reference to Alleged Bribery of Fall
WASHINGTON, March 18 (INS) – Vigorous defense of the oil contracts which he made with Fall were made today by Edward Doheny on trial charged with bringing the cabinet officer with $100,000.
Doheny questioned in detail regarding his contract with Fall just prior to the awarding by the government of the Pearl Harbor contract which contained a clause giving preference to any future drilling lease to Doheny controlled by the Pan-American Petroleum company.
Doheny’s testimony was to the affect that the Pearl Harbor contract was advantageous to the government and was negotiated by the navy and not by Fall.
Doheny Wept When Son Mentioned
WASHINGTON, March 18 (UP) – Doheny wept on the witness stand today in his trial on charges of bribing Albert B. Fall. The millionaire shed tears when reference was made to his murdered son.

================ Page 9, Column 4 =================
Eleven Employees of Public Health Service Have Contracted Disease
WASHINGTON, March 18 (AP) – Eleven employees of the Public Health Service are suffering from Psittacosis, or Parrot Fever, and experiments aimed at discovering the cause and cure of this mysterious malady have been temporarily abandoned, together with the laboratory in which they were conducted.
But the experiments have already been partially successful. And to their own efforts the patients owe a process of treatment which is being applied with apparent success. Many of them are recovering.
They are inoculated with a serum composed partially of blood taken from other victims of the disease. In addition, they have isolated the virus, an important accomplishment. However, Surgeon general Hugh S. Cumming says that much remains to be learned.
Little is known as yet of how the disease is communicated. At first, it was thought that infection was impossible except by direct contact with afflicted parrots, but it has now been proved, the surgeon general says, that the malady is extremely contagious. Three doctors, now ill, had no connection with the Psittacosis laboratory.
He advances the theory that the germs may have been spread by particles of dust or by insects, although the laboratory has been thoroughly fumigated and sprayed with bichloride of Mercury. It will be fumigated again.
Among those who are ill is Dr. Ludvik Hektoen, of the University of Chicago, who had been doing research work of another nature at the laboratory. He is improving.
Cases of parrot fever were reported from widely separated sections of the country shortly after Christmas, and it was thought that they were contracted from a consignment of parrots imported shortly before the holidays. There were a number of deaths. The health service immediately began its experiments and a short while later, one of its workers, Harry Anderson, was stricken and died. He had been in direct communications with birds known to have been infected.
The experimental work was continued, nevertheless, and the first interruption was the present temporary abandonment.

================ Page 9, Column 5 =================
Brokers Are Called For
WASHINGTON, March 18 (AP) – Senator Walsh, democrat, Montana, announced today that subpoena would be issued directing the New York brokerage firm of Blythe and Bonner to turn over to the senate lobby committee records of a $36,100 deposit made by Claudius H. Huston, Chairman of the Republican National Committee.
Walsh made this announcement after being informed by John Holland, committee investigator, that he had been unable to obtain the records sought because of the absence from New York of W. E. Moore, personal representative of Huston.
The republican chairman has testified that he collected $36,100 last year from the Union Carbide company for use by the Tennessee River Improvement Association and that he deposited the amount with his personal broker.
The Improvement Association of which Huston is a former president, has advocated the proposal of the American Cyanamid company to lease Mussel Shoals.

Submitted: 12/29/10

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